Fundamentals in Urology Webcast (2021): Nephrolithiasis I & II

Specifically designed for anyone unable to get away from the office to attend the Live Course, the Webcast option delivers the same great content. Purchase of the Webcast features simultaneous presentation slides and audio recorded from the Live Course and includes access to online course materials.

The Fundamentals in Urology course is designed to apply basic science knowledge and principles in development of treatment algorithms.

This course will provide attendees with valuable skills in developing a rational methodological approach to application of knowledge which will contribute to positive outcomes for patients. Attendees will discover the importance of the study of basic sciences and how it transfers into the lifelong learning process and medical practice. This course is designed to ensure a fundamental knowledge of the "why" behind a broad expanse of general urologic conditions, with incorporation of Guideline principles. A thorough knowledge of the basic science behind the treatments will allow for better counseling and education of patients by all clinical urologic practitioners. New for 2020, a half-day program has been added specifically for Advanced Practice Providers (APP’s) that will cover topics and subject matter seen in their specific clinical practices.

Webcasts will be available on Friday, June 18, 2021.


Target Audience

  • Residents
  • Allied Health Professionals
  • Urologists

Learning Objectives

At the conclusion of this activity, participants will be able to: 

BPH and Stones

  • Discuss medical and surgical management of BPH and utilize an evidence-based approach for selecting the best therapy
  • Describe the basic pathophysiology of nephrolithiasis
  • Identify the indications and options for the medical evaluation of recurrent and first time stone formers
  • Establish an effective algorithm for the medical and surgical management of nephrolithiasis

Infections and Inflammation

  • Discuss the evaluation of a patient with recurrent UTI
  • Distinguish emphysematous pyelonephritis from other renal infections and differences in management
  • Recognize differences in presentation of acute febrile UTI in males and the impact on treatment
  • Identify who should be screened for asymptomatic bacteriuria
  • Apply the AUA Best Practice Statement to the use of prophylactic antibiotics for procedures
  • Identify the true incidence of IC/BPS and CP/CPPS in the US population
  • Explain what is currently believed about the pathophysiology of chronic pelvic pain
  • Describe how to use the AUA guidelines to develop a treatment plan for patients with IC/BPS and CP/CPPS
  • Review current research in pelvic pain and possible new treatment options


  • Review salient concepts of vesicoureteral reflux, urinary tract obstruction and cryptorchidism with urology residents in the early stages of their urology residency training curriculum.
  • Explain the basic development of the lower and upper urinary tract including the bladder, kidney and ureters
  • Identify clinical situations that may be encountered if aberrant development occurs in any of the above organ systems

Kidney Cancer

  • Recognize the genetic basis and current clinical and surgical management of all types of localized as well as advanced kidney cancer
  • Apply recently released guideline information to diagnose, evaluate, and manage patients with small renal masses (SRMs)

Infertility and Erectile Dysfunction

  • Review female reproductive biology in the infertile couple
  • Describe the rationale and approach to evaluation of the infertile male
  • Explain male reproductive anatomy and physiology
  • Describe a basic clinical overview of male reproductive medicine and surgery

Complications of Urologic Surgery and Adrenal Disorders

  • Recognize complications of urologic procedures, pathophysiologic changes underlying these occurrences, and management strategies to limit patient morbidity
  • Define the fundamentals of adrenal anatomy and physiology integrate into the care of the urologic patient

Imaging for Urologists

  • Describe approach to MR imaging interpretation of various urologic organs with a focus on clinical conditions encountered in practice

Bladder Neurobiology and Pelvic Organ Prolapse

  • Analyze the systematic evaluation and identification of various types of urinary incontinence (UI) and Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) in the outpatient setting in order to offer appropriate interventions for treatment
  • Describe the anatomy, innervation and physiology of the lower urinary tract
  • Define findings and treatment considerations  specific to neurological conditions

Bladder Cancer and Bowel Diversions

  • Explain the guidelines based management of invasive and non-invasive bladder cancer
  • Recognize the importance of subtypes of bladder cancer and the role of specific therapies based on these molecular profiles
  • Discuss the rationale behind selection of segment of bowel used in urinary diversion
  • Explain the long term consequences of metabolic changes after urinary diversion and how to mitigate them
  • Describe the surgical principle of compliance and how it relates to surgical technique

Prostate Cancer

  • Review the current status of screening for prostate cancer in the US and understand the role that various markers play in the early detection of the disease
  • Describe the history of M1 Prostate cancer therapies
  • Identify basics in ADT management
  • Discuss basic science and clinical outcomes of new therapies

APP Half-Day Program

  • Outline evidence based surveillance algorithms for urologic cancers and the role of APPs in cancer survivorship programs
  • Review the evaluation of Management of Microscopic Hematuria  based on the AUA 2020 Guidelines
  • Describe principles in management of patients with recurrent UTI (including special populations such as neurogenic bladder patients)
  • Master the physical exam and cognitive components of urological emergencies
Course summary
Available credit: 
  • 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™
  • 1.00 Non-Physician Participation
Course opens: 
Course expires: 


Learners will participate in this online educational activity by taking the pre-test, viewing the webcast and completing the post-test and evaluation. To claim CME credit for this enduring material, learners must complete the post-test, passing with 80% accuracy and submit the program evaluation.

Estimated time to complete this activity: 1.00 hours

Release Date: June, 2021
Expiration Date: June, 2024


The American Urological Association (AUA) is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.


The American Urological Association designates this enduring material for a maximum of 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.


The AUA is not accredited to offer credit to participants who are not MDs or DOs. However, the AUA will issue documentation of participation that states that the activity was certified for AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™.


It is the policy of the AUA to ensure that the content contained in this CME activity is valid, fair, balanced, scientifically rigorous, and free of commercial bias.


All persons in a position to control the content of an educational activity (i.e., activity planners, presenters, authors) are required to disclose to the provider any relevant financial relationships with any commercial interest. The AUA must determine if the individual’s relationships may influence the educational content and resolve any conflicts of interest prior to the commencement of the educational activity. The intent of this disclosure is not to prevent individuals with relevant financial relationships from participating, but rather to provide learners information with which they can make their own judgments.


All disclosures will be reviewed by the program/course directors or editors for identification of conflicts of interest. Peer reviewers, working with the program directors and/or editors, will document the mechanism(s) for management and resolution of the conflict of interest and final approval of the activity will be documented prior to implementation. Any of the mechanisms below can/will be used to resolve conflict of interest:

  • Peer review for valid, evidence-based content of all materials associated with an educational activity by the course/program director, editor, and/or Education Content Review Committee or its subgroup.
  • Limit content to evidence with no recommendations
  • Introduction of a debate format with an unbiased moderator (point-counterpoint)
  • Inclusion of moderated panel discussion
  • Publication of a parallel or rebuttal article for an article that is felt to be biased
  • Limit equipment representatives to providing logistics and operation support only in procedural demonstrations
  • Divestiture of the relationship by faculty


The audience is advised that this continuing medical education activity may contain reference(s) to off-label or unapproved uses of drugs or devices. Please consult the prescribing information for full disclosure of approved uses.

Available Credit

  • 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™
  • 1.00 Non-Physician Participation
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