V5-13: The Use of Argon Beam Coagulation During Robotic Partial Nephrectomy in an Animal Model
VideoIntroductions and Objectives
Partial nephrectomy (PN) has become the standard of care for management of a small renal mass. While robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) has been widely adopted as a minimally invasive option, one concern is the long-term effects of prolonged warm ischemia time (WIT) on renal function and cardiac health. Multiple technological and procedural advancements have been proposed to limit WIT, but most are technically difficult to perform. Argon beam coagulation (ABC) can be used to coagulate the base of a tumor fossa prior to performing formal renorrhaphy. This may eliminate the need for deep hemostatic suturing, thus allowing for earlier placement of renorrhaphy sutures and earlier hilar unclamping. We report our initial experience with ABC during RPN in a pig model.
Six Yorkshire pigs underwent bilateral RPN using the Da Vinci Si Surgical system (Intuitive, Sunnyvale, CA). Because pig kidneys naturally bleed less than human kidneys, all pigs underwent systemic heparinization to simulate a human PN. After tumor excision, each pig underwent coagulation with the System 7550TM ABC (Conmed, Utica, NY) on one kidney and traditional renorrhaphy on the contralateral kidney. Kidney resection start/end time, hilum ready time, as well as total WIT and estimated blood loss (EBL) were recorded for each procedure.
All RPN were completed successfully. Mean WIT with traditional renorrhaphy was 7 minutes and 30 seconds, compared to only 4 minutes and 40 seconds in the ABC group (p=0.022), a difference of 2 minutes 50 seconds (38% reduction). There was no observed difference in EBL between the ABC and traditional renorrhaphy approach.
ABC may allow for a standardized reduction in risk of injury to PN patients by minimizing technical difficulty and, in turn, WIT. Because the ABC method does not require surgeons to learn additional maneuvers, this approach may have broader applicability than some of the previous attempts at reducing WIT. Further study is required to determine the relative effect on renal function.